New Zealand Memorial to Admiral Byrd

looking south

On 11 March 1962, the fifth anniversary of the Admiral's death, the New Zealand National Memorial to Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd was dedicated at Wellington. The Reverend W. E. D. Davies, chairman of the Wellington Branch of the National Council of Churches, performed the dedication, and the Right Honorable Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister of New Zealand, assisted by Rear Admiral David M. Tyree and Mr. A. Leigh Hunt, originator of the project, unveiled the bust of Admiral Byrd which is in the center of the memorial. The response to the dedication was made by Miss Ruth Bacon, United States Charge d'Affaires. The honored guest and representative of the Byrd family was Mrs. Robert Breyer, the late Admiral's daughter.

In addition to the Prime Minister, the leader of the opposition, the Right Honorable Walter Nash, and the dean of the diplomatic corps, His Excellency Admiral Sir John Collins, made brief addresses. Mr. Tracey Simpson, chairman of the Richard E. Byrd Fellowship, which sponsored the memorial, read messages from prominent persons all over the world. Among them was one from President Kennedy which said in part that the memorial to Admiral Byrd would stand "as a symbol of enduring friendship between the United States, land of his birth, and New Zealand, the country with which he was so closely associated in his great adventures."

The memorial recognizes not only Admiral Byrd's accomplishments in exploration, referring to him as the "greatest explorer of the air age," but also his contributions to international understanding. One large plaque refers to him as "a great internationalist," whose "concepts of Antarctica as 'the great white continent of peace' are contained in the Antarctic Treaty."


The above article and photo were published in the Bulletin of the U. S, Antarctic Projects Officer, March, 1962. The memorial was constructed at the Mt. Victoria lookout, east of the city center. The bronze bust of Admiral Byrd was sculpted by Thomas V. Johnston. Byrd's head is looking south; the stones on the south-facing wall came from the Koettlitz Glacier and Ross Island areas of Antarctica. The sides of the memorial were originally white stucco. Wellington mayor Frank Kitts also participated in the dedication.

In the early 1990s the monument was refurbished, and the sides, which originally had been white stucco, were reclad with ceramic tiles depicting auroras, by artist Doreen Blumhardt. The plaques were replaced, and a new stone plaque was added commemorating Paul Siple. The memorial was rededicated on 21 June 1993.

The photographs below were taken in January 2004. A second restoration was completed on 21 November 2007.

Byrd memorial


Looking north at the memorial--yes, a hero shot....
Antarctic stone facing
Looking south at the aurora-tinted blue tiles, with the
ocean in the background, and Antarctica further away.
Antarctic stone facing
A closer view of the memorial. The texts of the
two lower bronze plaques are reproduced below.

THE ANTARCTIC TREATY

Signed on 1 December 1959 by twelve nations, this was a milestone along the road to international co-operation. It provided for non-militarisation, for the prevention of nuclear explosions and the disposal of radioactive waste, for an international inspection system, for the pooling of scientific information. It demonstrated the subordination of national interests to the wider cause of science and increased understanding between nations.

THE GREATEST EXPLORER OF THE AIR AGE

Richard Evelyn Byrd dedicated his life to peaceful progress for mankind. Outstanding in aviation and exploration; he was a scientist, a humanitarian, a champion of freedom and a great internationalist. His concept of Antarctica as "the great white continent of peace" was a prelude to the Antarctic Treaty.

May the spirit of the Treaty endure and spread throughout the world.

Admiral Byrd
The bust and central plaque. The plaque text is below.

RICHARD EVELYN BYRD

Rear Admiral, U. S. N.
Born 25 October 1888
Died 11 March 1957

Ambassador of goodwill--friend of New Zealand

Paul Siple memorial
The newer additions to the memorial--plaques honoring Paul
Siple and noting the rededication. The text of the upper portion of
the plaque is reproduced below.


DEDICATED 11th MARCH 1962


Unveiled--Rt. Hon. Keith Holyoake
Prime Minister

Dedicated--Rev. W. E. D. Davies
National Council

Architects-- Olchisten Dowell

Builder--
Will [illegible]

Sculptor--Thomas V. Johnston, R. A.

Landscaping--Edward Hutt, Esq.

Antarctic stones--G. W. Markham, Esq.
Antarctic Divis. D. S. I. R.

Conception--
Richard E. Byrd Fellowship

Reference: antarctic-circle.org

Visit the other Byrd memorials in McMurdo and Dunedin...

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