Building the Dome

New South Pole 1973

In 1977 we found some old undated negatives from the
construction days. Here is a slide we made from one
of them, probably taken during the 1973-74 summer
...now for the rest of the story!


digging the Pole
Preliminary site prep began during the 1970-71 season, as you see here (right) a Peter Snow Miller is doing well at processing the dome and utilidor foundations. Unfortunately, these machines couldn't handle the Pole altitude and snow conditions over the long term, and much of the foundations were compacted by running the D8's over them. photo from Gary Brougham


ring around the Pole
Here is a view of the early construction of the dome base ring from the 1971-72 season (Navy photo, Antarctic Journal (AJ) 3/72). The dome snow foundation was complete on 19 January, and by the 22nd the base ring erection had begun. Very little of the ring actually got built during the first season. However, 80% of the 720' utilidor was completed.



all it's cracked up to be?

This diagram from the TEMCOR dome erection manual shows the details of the foundation base ring. The differential settlement of the timber pads underneath this foundation caused some of the aluminum nodes and base ring beams to break eventually, these were repaired in 1989-90.


dig deep

The photo at left (this and the next 2 photos courtesy Bob Nyden from a 72-73 cruisebook) shows early construction of the dome ring, while excavation for the utilidor is also proceeding.


skeletons

The lower portion of the ring is mostly in place


pump it up!!
Seabees assemble the lower portions of the dome.



this is a stick up
Erection of the dome required scaffold towers around the edges to support the lower portion of the dome ring until the entire geodesic structure was completed. The central portion was erected on the surface, and slowly raised on a central scaffold tower. At left you see the tower being erected (Navy photo, AJ 7/73)


REALLY pump it up!
This page from the TEMCOR manual shows the central tower and the initial assembly of the upper portion of the dome. The 5-legged tower had 10 winches which attached to the upper portion, after each ring was added the assembly was pulled up and the next ring installed.



towering over Pole
This view from outside the dome shows the central tower supporting the skeleton of the upper portion of the dome, behind the lower portion which has some of the skin panels installed. (this and the next photo from NSF courtesy Jerry Marty)


towering over the pole
At left, a closer view of the tower, as the raising of the central portion of the dome is underway.



Bucky Fuller would have been proud
At right, later in the season (Navy photo, AJ 7/73) the dome upper portion assembly has been completed, with its outer edge resting on the snow surface. Here the central tower is being dismantled; portions of it will be erected at 10 equally spaced points around the edges of the upper section, to lift it up to join the lower portion of the dome ring, which is visible in the background.



roofing
This page from the TEMCOR manual shows how the sheet aluminum dome panels are installed. As you can see, removing the panels is rather difficult (as we found out in 1989-90; also all of the fasteners which connect the nodes (circular pieces) to the beams, are "Huck" fasteners, or aluminum rivet-like connectors which must be ground off to remove. Some of the reasons why nondestructive removal of the dome for reuse elsewhere might be a bit labor intensive.


screw it in

Putting in the rest of the node fasteners (NSF photo courtesy Jerry Marty)



milling around
The last dome beam was installed on 4 January 1973. At left, the dome is fully erected, with panels being installed. The machine parked in the right foreground is one of those Peter Snow Millers (photo from Bob Nyden).


geodesic doom

At right is a closeup view of the dome exterior frame with the panel installation underway. (NSF photo courtesy Jerry Marty)



100% tieoff? 

Meanwhile, the arches were happening too....This view from 1972-73 is looking southwest with the construction camp in the distance. (from the Pole Soul mystery negatives we found in 1977)


 
no entry

This unique view shows the dome and power plant arch near the end of the 72-73 season. When the dome was designed, NSF didn't know how large the modular sections of the main station structures would be, so the dome design included provisions to remove a portion of the dome wall to get the "vans" inside. This proved unncessary; all of the components for the interior structures were brought in through this entrance. US Navy photo courtesy Billy-Ace Baker


plans office

Here is a construction Jamesway west of the newly completed dome. The emergency exit is visible to the right. US Navy photo, AJ 7/73



gimme shelter
At right, the partially complete power plant and garage arches at the end of the 1972-73 season, boarded up for the winter (this and the next two pictures from Bob Nyden).


arch rivals?

Another view of the 2 partially completed arches at the end of the season.


no driftiness
At right is a back view of the dome at the end of the station, taken on 25 January, 1973. Caption: "The new geodesic dome at the South Pole Station, Antarctica. This dome will be used to cover and protect most of the buildings at the South Pole." Photographer EA3 D. Nelson.


next page, continue to 1973-74


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